Fractional ownership operations began in 1986 with the creation of a program that offered aircraft owners increased flexibility in the ownership and operation of aircraft. 该计划使用了当前的飞机获取概念, 包括共享或共同拥有飞机, and provided for the management of the aircraft by an aircraft management company.

The aircraft owners participating in the program agreed not only to share their own aircraft with others having a shared interest in that aircraft, but also to lease their aircraft to other owners in the program (dry lease exchange program). The aircraft owners used the common management company to provide aviation management services including maintenance of the aircraft, 飞行员培训和指派, 以及飞机所有人之间的租赁管理.

在20世纪90年代,部分所有权项目的增长是可观的. 随着这些项目规模的扩大, 复杂性和数量, there was considerable controversy within the aviation community as to their appropriate regulatory structure. 另外, the FAA had evolving concerns regarding issues of accountability and responsibility for compliance (operational control).

The FAA created the 部分所有权航空规则制定委员会 through an order dated 10月. 6, 1999. The objective of the FOARC was to “propose such revisions to the Federal Aviation Regulations and associated guidance material as may be appropriate with respect to fractional ownership programs.“2月. 23, 2000, the FOARC presented its recommendations to the FAA in the format of a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.




12月. 14, 2004 the FAA issued a notice that corrects the date by which all fractional operations must be in compliance with FAR Part 91, 部分K. NBAA期待修正改变一个不正确的十二月. 2004年17日至2月17日. 17, 2005. All fractional operations will be in compliance with the new rule by the 2月ruary 2005 deadline.


9月. 17, 2003

The FAA’s final rule “Regulation of Fractional Aircraft Ownership Programs and On-Demand Operations” sets regulatory standards for fractional ownership operations (Part 91, 部分K) and updates requirements for on-demand charter operations (部分135).